Designs in henna art are very important to the culture of henna. There are quite a few designs that have stood the test of time and continue to be used today in many of the henna designs. The following is a brief list of some of the designs that are a strong part of the henna culture.
Sahasrara: this design is a lotus-like symbol. It symbolizes unity and is typically seen and used on the palms.
Peacock: this bird just happens to be the national bird of India. It symbolizes beauty and prosperity and the link between heaven and earth. Typical placement is on the hands and back.
Dragonflies and butterflies: both of these insects are said to represent transformation or rebirth; a new beginning or new start. Placement can be anywhere.
Paisley: this design is very versatile and can be decorated inside and out. This symbol symbolizes luck with fertility. Because of its popularity it has become a staple in Indian fashion and art. Placement is typically on the hands and/or feet.
Flowers: flowers are a very common design and symbolize beauty or new beginnings. The most popular flower symbol is the lotus flower representing grace, purity and heart. Typical placement for any flower is on the hands or back.
Vines and leaves: beautiful in their flow and connectivity vines and leaves represent strength and longevity. Typically placed on the fingers.
There are of course many more designs out there that belong in henna art. Research and find your favorite.